一个超级长的英文问题

BabyfishA
楼主 (北美华人网)
是一个阅读理解题目,文章讲的是印第安人接受酒精的来源,不知道怎么简缩这个问题,所以只好前两段都贴过来了

In the heyday of their independence, most of the tribe’s males and some females had traditionally conducted a vision quest, or hanbleceya around the time of the onset of puberty. One by one, they were expected to forsake the safe haven of their families, often for the first time in their lives, and to brave the unknown of open country. Ideally, they remained isolated until, in an induced altered state of consciousness brought on by fear, fasting, thirst, stress, and faith something extraordinary would happen to them, they experienced a flash of insight. This introspection revealed a highly personal mandate for adulthood, an identity, and was an event of unparalleled importance in charting the course of their lives. If, in later years, a reconfirmation was desired, or if circumstances changed, a second hanbleceya might be sought via a sun dance or other ritual. The significance within their culture of the act of vision-seeking predicted to some degree the Lakota’s eventual acceptance of alcohol, which seemed to offer a more efficient and less painful route to altered consciousness. Used to seeking and then trusting the validity of a dreamlike state, some Lakota males found the early effects of inebriation appealing. 有个问题是问作者为什么提到hanbleceya,然后有一个选项是说indicate how Lakota cultural practices interacted with innate psychological predisposition to lead to the Lakota's eventual acceptance of alcohol and drinking rituals.

我感觉这个选项很对呀,印第安人要做vision quest,所以eventual accept alcohol,可是答案并不是这一个,为什么呢?
9
9tonight
2 楼
你应该把另外一个答案也贴上来啊
从前有个阿猫
3 楼
感觉单词都认识,但是文章看不懂怎么回事
Yadkin
4 楼
Re

在没有另外选项的情况下,我觉得,作者提到vision quest的目的也不一定是为了说明lakota人最终接受酒精的必然性。这可能只是顺带一提罢了。

你应该把另外一个答案也贴上来啊
9tonight 发表于 10/13/2016 4:55:57 PM


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阿梧
5 楼
文中说的是predict 的管关系,答案说的是lead to,因果关系,这完全不是一码事,当然不对。
nodoubt1981
6 楼
Vision quest的主要目的是寻求identity and adulthood,要是其他选项里提到这个目的,那就是最佳答案。单选题是选最佳。你说的这个选项,我个人觉得predisposition这个表述是错的,vision quest不能说明他们接受酒精是由于psychological predisposition
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BlueNDGold
7 楼
文中说的是predict 的管关系,答案说的是lead to,因果关系,这完全不是一码事,当然不对。

阿梧 发表于 10/13/2016 5:09:12 PM

I think the question is more literal.

问的问题是作者为什么提到hanbleceya。很明显提到hanbleceya是因为这是印第安人的原用词。
spll
8 楼
I think the major problem with the statement is on "innate psychological predisposition". There is no "innate psychological predisposition" per se. Note that it is described as "to brave the unknown of open country" & "induced altered state of consciousness brought on by....(all sorts of unpleasant feelings)". Those unpleasant feelings, such as fear, are the exact opposite of "innate psychological predisposition".
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BlueNDGold
9 楼
I think the major problem with the statement is on "innate psychological predisposition". There is no "innate psychological predisposition" per se. Note that it is described as "to brave the unknown of open country" & "induced altered state of consciousness brought on by....(all sorts of unpleasant feelings)". Those unpleasant feelings, such as fear, are the exact opposite of "innate psychological predisposition".

spll 发表于 10/13/2016 5:31:54 PM

Why do you think fear or stress is the opposite of "innate psychological predisposition"?  Fear and stress are as innate as any other psychological predisposition.
echomom
10 楼
I think the major problem with the statement is on "innate psychological predisposition". There is no "innate psychological predisposition" per se. Note that it is described as "to brave the unknown of open country" & "induced altered state of consciousness brought on by....(all sorts of unpleasant feelings)". Those unpleasant feelings, such as fear, are the exact opposite of "innate psychological predisposition".

spll 发表于 10/13/2016 5:31:54 PM
Re, nothing to do with predisposition.
BabyfishA
11 楼
哇!楼上的mm们都好厉害,我以为没有人会读这个长篇累牍的帖子的....太谢谢你们了!

正确的答案是     describe one reason why the Lakota may have been attracted to alcohol, despite its sometimes negative or unpleasant effects

这个答案确实比那个要好一些,我也是选的这个,但是我想不出来第一个答案有什么明确的错误
阿梧
12 楼
I think the major problem with the statement is on "innate psychological predisposition". There is no "innate psychological predisposition" per se. Note that it is described as "to brave the unknown of open country" & "induced altered state of consciousness brought on by....(all sorts of unpleasant feelings)". Those unpleasant feelings, such as fear, are the exact opposite of "innate psychological predisposition".

spll 发表于 10/13/2016 5:31:54 PM

人说的是interact with innate psychological predisposition, 这个没错啊,最后导致的是opposite of the innate.. ,但是这个过程的确是interact with innate。。。
阿梧
13 楼
哇!楼上的mm们都好厉害,我以为没有人会读这个长篇累牍的帖子的....太谢谢你们了!

正确的答案是         describe one reason why the Lakota may have been attracted to alcohol, despite its sometimes negative or unpleasant effects

这个答案确实比那个要好一些,我也是选的这个,但是我想不出来第一个答案有什么明确的错误
BabyfishA 发表于 10/13/2016 5:44:38 PM

看来我说的没错,问题就是那个predict v. Lead to 的区别
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BlueNDGold
14 楼

看来我说的没错,问题就是那个predict v. Lead to 的区别

阿梧 发表于 10/13/2016 5:47:16 PM

佩服.

spll
15 楼

Why do you think fear or stress is the opposite of "innate psychological predisposition"?  Fear and stress are as innate as any other psychological predisposition.

BlueNDGold 发表于 10/13/2016 5:38:09 PM

It does make sense when you put it that way. However, when I first read it, my take was that the "innate psychological predisposition" dictates in a way that people would make choices leading to safety and comfort, as opposed to fear and stress. This tendency, IMO, is innate. But I see what you mean. I am no psychologist, and don't know how "innate predisposition" is defined.
I think it'd be helpful if lz mm can post the correct answer.
Yadkin
16 楼
“One reason” vs “lead to”, 楼上那个妹妹说的很好啊。

哇!楼上的mm们都好厉害,我以为没有人会读这个长篇累牍的帖子的....太谢谢你们了!

正确的答案是     describe one reason why the Lakota may have been attracted to alcohol, despite its sometimes negative or unpleasant effects

这个答案确实比那个要好一些,我也是选的这个,但是我想不出来第一个答案有什么明确的错误
BabyfishA 发表于 10/13/2016 5:44:38 PM


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Y
Yuanxi
17 楼
“Predicted to some degree” 其实就是guessed to some degree,就是说有人们猜想有这种可能性印第安人对酒精的摄取是和他们对精神空灵状态的追求有关系的。"lead to"就不是猜想了,而是有一定的因果关系了。