美国欲引渡孟晚舟 辩方律师竟说:这损害中国主权!

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法新社

中国华为公司财务长孟晚舟的律师团今天在加拿大法院辩称,虽然美国以共谋和银行诈欺罪名指控她,但事发地点香港在中国领土之内,只跟中国有关,与美国无关。

辩护律师还指出,从加拿大引渡孟晚舟到美国,将损害中国在国际法上的主权。

美国当局指控,孟晚舟2013年向汇丰银行(HSBC)陈述时,对于华为子公司在伊朗的活动有所误导隐瞒,这是美方起诉和要求引渡孟晚舟的主要依据,但抗辩律师厄特(Gib van Ert)表示,那次会面是在中国境内,不应与美国或加拿大有关。

厄特是孟晚舟律师团的新成员,他告诉加拿大法院说:「如果当天有任何违法情事,那是发生在中国领土之内,是中国的事。」

厄特指出:「2013年8月22日在香港的一家餐厅,一个中国公民与英中银行汇丰之间发生了什么事,是国际法的问题,不干美国的事。」

仅一周前,渥太华当局和华府针对中国政府高层官员施加经济制裁,让已经紧绷的国际关系再升温,如今孟晚舟力抗引渡案又有最新辩护说法。

美国指控,华为子公司星通科技在伊朗的活动违反了美国制裁措施,孟晚舟撇清华为与子公司星通的关系,误导了汇丰银行。

但孟晚舟和华为皆否认任何犯行。

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shuangxihe
1 楼
这个事情是发生在米国么?在中国领土上做生意,却被米国管辖,难道这不损坏中国主权?华为与伊拉克做生意,中国政府有没有禁止,管米国啥事?
z
zhao917
2 楼
辩方律师已经到了胡搅蛮缠的地步,越来越可笑。 孟晚舟犯罪证据确凿,黑的怎能变白的?孟晚舟心里可能很高兴能继续留在海外,如果回到中国,很可能性命不保,因为她知道的太多了。国内的情况和她近两年前出国时已经很不一样了,任正非也已经被赶出了华为,很多民企老板都被迫交出了资产,连马云都“被失踪”多时。中共希望孟晚舟获释,也是担心她会转为污点证人,把它的老底告诉美国,而不是为她考虑。
橡皮潜艇
3 楼
她购买美国芯片签了保证书吧?那么受美国管辖。感觉她的律师疲于应付
理查
4 楼
辩护律师已经被逼疯了。
搦战
5 楼
橡皮潜艇 发表评论于 2021-03-30 02:50:30 她购买美国芯片签了保证书吧?那么受美国管辖。感觉她的律师疲于应付 =================================================================== 你知道是她签的?
橡皮潜艇
6 楼
搦战 发表评论于 2021-03-30 03:20:11 橡皮潜艇 发表评论于 2021-03-30 02:50:30 她购买美国芯片签了保证书吧?那么受美国管辖。感觉她的律师疲于应付 =================================================================== 你知道是她签的? =============================== 你知道不是她签的?? 检方要是没有相关证据会有这个案子吗?辩方并不否定检方证据,只是在程序上做文章。。 从陆续披露的案情,她还成立了空壳公司(星通)用来掩护交易,足见蓄谋已久。
学习组
7 楼
潘石屹儿子潘瑞不在海外嘛,事发地点也在海外啊。怎么质疑一下印中边界中方死亡人数,就算作刑事犯罪要所谓网上追逃?
南方公园猎人
8 楼
其实是损害加拿大主权
朗姆加冰
9 楼
从法律层面上讲,美国提控的罪名是电信欺诈,并非直接和伊朗做生意。楼下瞎吵吵的先搞清楚再说
蓝山秋色之红叶静美
10 楼
shuangxihe 发表评论于 2021-03-30 02:41:20 这个事情是发生在米国么?在中国领土上做生意,却被米国管辖,难道这不损坏中国主权?华为与伊拉克做生意,中国政府有没有禁止,管米国啥事? ………… 不懂就不要胡搅蛮缠了,美国一些涉及军事的产品都是有相关协议的,不遵守规则守吃官司是正常的!
冷雨浓
11 楼
加拿大哪有主权?
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tina0
12 楼
犯我美利坚,虽远必诛
橡皮潜艇
13 楼
大款潘石讫儿子都罩不住,恐怕自己也悬了
太空风
14 楼
有法必依,违法必究
r
revesby
15 楼
孟晚舟必须被处死
菲斯普的里尔克
16 楼
为国捐躯吧
v
van1
17 楼
境外不是法外!
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smart321
18 楼
其实孟晚粥这事不是什么大事,就相当于孟晚粥公司与美国公司签了一份合同,美国公司在美国起诉孟晚粥违背了合同,正常情况下,孟晚粥去美国应诉就可以,找律师为自己辩护也未必就会输官司,就算输了,最多就是赔钱,或许美国商务部会借机制裁华为的某些方面。结果在中共的授意下,孟晚粥把官司打成了挑战加拿大独立司法体系,挑战美加引渡协议的官司,也许中共以为自己很厉害,可以借机攻击加拿大的国家体制,这怎么可能赢?
说真的
19 楼
赤裸裸的把法律扯上政治,中共真不要脸,顺我者娼,逆我者嫖
周8皮
20 楼
这律师确定不是来混饭的?
华府采菊人
21 楼
无论用什么手段,任家大小姐的目标事“不赢不输”,要的结果是“不引渡, 不回国”, 待在加拿大多好啊!!
S
Simiguy
22 楼
辨方律师没有错,这个是基于国际法。当然,美国实行的是基于"XX规则"的国际制序
十里桃花在水一方
23 楼
呵呵,战螂律师横空出世了。下回应该在法庭上说:我们中国人民不吃(西方法律)这一套!
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newreviver
24 楼
中国在香港发射一颗导弹推毁了纽约市,导弹发射地在中国国內,是中国内政,与美国无关!
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warshipfreedom
25 楼
損害中共國主權啊?是嗎?那就太好了,快把那奢侈的娘們抓到美國瘦身!! 損害中共國主權啊?是嗎?那就太好了,快把那奢侈的娘們抓到美國瘦身!! 損害中共國主權啊?是嗎?那就太好了,快把那奢侈的娘們抓到美國瘦身!! 損害中共國主權啊?是嗎?那就太好了,快把那奢侈的娘們抓到美國瘦身!! 損害中共國主權啊?是嗎?那就太好了,快把那奢侈的娘們抓到美國瘦身!! 損害中共國主權啊?是嗎?那就太好了,快把那奢侈的娘們抓到美國瘦身!! 損害中共國主權啊?是嗎?那就太好了,快把那奢侈的娘們抓到美國瘦身!! 損害中共國主權啊?是嗎?那就太好了,快把那奢侈的娘們抓到美國瘦身!!
相信事实
26 楼
这是基本的法院管辖权的问题,一般来说,案发地的法院具有优先审判权,依照当地法律审判。如果涉及到其他地区和国家的利益,有引渡条约的可以引渡,但要当地法院决定是否引渡,因为他有优先权。还有一种折中方法,那就是当地法院判完后驱逐出境,由后者重新审判。 孟案如果事发于香港,当然香港法院具有优先审判权,但现在被小土豆扣押,如果有引渡条约,那么应该是引渡到香港审判,涉及到美国,可以再由香港法院审判决定是否引渡到美国。所以,从目前状况优先级排,应该是加法院判决是否引渡到香港,然后香港法院判决是否引渡到美国。
亚洲食肉动物
27 楼
去美国把这事说清楚,清者自清。非花这么多银子在加拿大请律师闹?全天下不安宁
亚洲食肉动物
28 楼
辩护律师已经崩溃
我要真普選
29 楼
亞洲食肉動物:去美國把事情說清楚了,還有藉口不回國嗎?
老農夫
30 楼
強烈要求無論審判結果為何,電子腳環判與孟公主,因為朝夕相處發生感情,以便將來帶到九泉之下。
加国红枫
31 楼
辩方律师已经到了胡搅蛮缠、把肥婆孟整成死拖烂赖的小丑
巍巍太行
32 楼
搞不清楚,美国本是流 氓国家,为何要立牌坊,自诩民主灯塔?
美丽泉水
33 楼
这个相信事实看来是喝多了。忘了加拿大已经暂停了香港加拿大引渡条约。
请重新输入2000
34 楼
这个律师就是个败家子 有了这些流氓外交官铺垫 一碗粥下半生将在美国监狱度过了 哈哈哈 黑大妈会好好照顾的
小鱼观景
35 楼
以任的身家,有必要让女儿去知法犯法吗?假设就算华为到了非要犯法赚钱的地步,也会找个替罪羊吧?所以说从逻辑上说,孟是根本不知道,而且事实证明她也没有可以隐瞒,所以本来这件事最多可以罚款处理,但是要逮捕孟,就有另外的目的啦。
麦田里的守护者
36 楼
CLOAKED SCIENCE: THE YAN REPORTS Overview The Yan Report is a misleading article masquerading as science, which falsely claims that the novel coronavirus was made in a Chinese lab. An example of cloaked science, it was released during a time of intense uncertainty; as scientists raced for answers about COVID-19, sharing unvetted data as preprints in open science repositories became an essential mode of international collaboration. The increasing openness of the scientific community, though, is a vulnerability that can be leveraged by media manipulators, especially during times of crisis. On April 28, 2020, Dr. Li-Meng Yan, a researcher at the University of Hong Kong (HKU), fled to the United States with support from Steve Bannon and Guo Wengui. They used Yan’s story — that she was a whistleblower — to exploit the contentious wedge issue of the unknown origin of COVID-19. This media manipulation campaign involved planting misleading evidence into the scientific literature, muddying the waters about COVID-19 and providing the veneer of scientific legitimacy for the political claim that coronavirus was a Chinese bioweapon. Subsequently, the Yan Report was amplified through right-wing media networks, leading to nearly a million views of the report on Zenodo, an open-access research data repository. While social media platforms moderated information about the Yan Report after scientists at several universities debunked it, two follow-up Yan Reports were uploaded to open science repositories that even more bluntly pushed the bioweapon narrative, while also refuting the academic responses to the first report. Seeding the Yan reports in the scientific community as cloaked science allowed those who linked to them on social media to claim legitimacy, while also providing the empirical basis for furthering the political aims of the funders of the reports. Stage 1: Manipulation Campaign Planning and Origins Within a few weeks of the novel coronavirus spreading from China to the rest of the world, a pernicious narrative began to take root online: the suggestion that the virus SARS-CoV-2 was a biological weapon created in a lab.1 In mid-January 2020, Dr. Li-Meng Yan, a researcher at the University of Hong Kong (HKU), gave credence to this idea when she told her favorite YouTuber — Wang Dinggang, a vocal critic of the Chinese government, and close associate of exiled Chinese billionaire Guo Wengui2 — about rumors she had heard about the virus’ origins. Wang repeated the conversations on his channel without naming her “because officials could make the person disappear. ”3 On January 25, 2020, a hyperpartisan news outlet called G News published an article further pushing the bioweapon conspiracy theory. It was titled, “Breaking news: China will admit coronavirus coming from its P4 lab.”4 G News was not the only media outlet pushing the narrative, but its involvement was significant because G News is a media outlet associated with Guo and Steve Bannon, former Breitbart executive and ally of President Trump. The two have formed a partisan alliance to push their shared anti-CCP agenda through the Rule of Law Foundation and the Rule of Law Society, which they founded in October 2017.5 Funded by Guo and managed by Bannon, Rule of Law aims to “protect and assist individuals victimized in China, particularly those penalized for speaking out against injustice.”6 Guo and Bannon were drawn together because both “naturally despise the Chinese Communist Party (CCP),”7 according to Guo. They also both have media backgrounds. Bannon was previously Trump's chief strategist, and, before that he ran the right-wing news site Breitbart. Guo founded and funds G Media,8 which often posts anti-CCP stories across social media platforms, and prominently on the social media platform, Parler. Prior to the first Yan report being released, Bannon said Wang’s YouTube episode featuring Yan was shown to and translated for him.9 As doubts about the origins of COVID-19 continued to proliferate across right-wing media networks, Guo and Bannon connected with Yan. This is when the pieces fell into place for what would become the Yan Report media manipulation campaign. In interviews, Yan had been arguing that both China and the World Health Organization knew about the novel coronavirus earlier than they admitted. This is not a unique claim. Similar narratives, for example, were also circulating using the hashtag #chinaliedpeopledied, which went viral in March and April 2020.10 Yan put forward that she had evidence that the notion that the virus transferred from animals to humans was a “smokescreen” to hide its true origin, which she claims is a lab in Wuhan with close connections to the Chinese Communist Party.11 These claims are unfounded and have been debunked.12 While similar claims had been made by others, Yan stands out due to her background in science. Her CV says she has a medical degree from Xiangya Medical College of Central South University and a PhD from Southern Medical University.13 Prior to joining Bannon and Guo, Yan held a postdoctoral fellowship at Hong Kong University (HKU), where she was the first author on a COVID research paper that was published by Nature — one of the most prestigious biology journals in the world.14 Guo flew Yan to the US on April 28, 2020.15 In her most recent articles, she lists the Rule of Law Foundation and the Rule of Law Society as her formal affiliations. In late April and early May, President Trump and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo fanned the flames of the January rumor that COVID-19 was made in a lab.16 Trump contradicted his own intelligence team by saying he had seen evidence and that he had a “high degree of confidence” that it was created and released in Wuhan.17 On July 10, 2020, Yan traded her story up the chain from online and hyperpartisan news outlets to an interview on Fox News.18 During the interview she said she was in hiding from the Chinese government and referred to herself as a whistleblower, claiming to have worked on human-to-human COVID transmission as early as December 2019.19 Fox, in turn, called her a whistleblower in its article about the interview.20 It is the earliest article labeling her as such. The interview garnered a lot of attention online with over 2.7 million views on YouTube and 18K reactions on Facebook.21 The YouTube video has since been removed by Facebook according to data from CrowdTangle, a “public insights tool” owned by Facebook.22 The day after this interview, HKU put out a press release refuting what Yan told Fox News about her research.23 Yan continued to ramp up media appearances. On September 9, she repeated her claims to Raheem Kassam, co-host of Bannon’s popular podcast and YouTube show War Room: Pandemic, editor-in-chief of the conservative news site National Pulse and former editor-in-chief of Breitbart London.24 On September 11, Yan told Loose Women, a British talk show, that she would publish the evidence.25 The interview is available on YouTube, and has over 1.4M views.26 Then the New York Post quoted Yan’s interview with Loose Women,27 as did Tech Times (8.8K followers on Twitter),28 the Daily Mail (2.6M followers),29 and Mint (1.9M followers).30 With Yan, Guo and Bannon were able to effectively exploit the active crisis of the coronavirus by spreading her claims about its origins and the wedge issue of mistrust of the CCP. However, reporters were still skeptical of her claims and comments across social media repeatedly clamored for evidence. A New York Post tweet publicizing Yan’s claims days before she uploaded her preprint. Screenshot by TaSC. A New York Post tweet publicizing Yan’s claims days before she uploaded her preprint. Screenshot by TaSC. STAGE 2: Seeding Campaign Across Social Platforms and Web All of this publicity put Yan’s name into circulation in the US and primed the public for the next phase of the campaign, which was the release of a preprint scientific paper.31 The paper exploited the vulnerability of open science to further muddy the waters about the origin of COVID-19 and push an anti-CCP narrative. The paper is an example of cloaked science — a discrete piece of scientific-looking misinformation — which gave credibility to conspiracies suggesting that COVID-19 was a bioweapon and that it had been engineered by China. On September 14, 2020, Yan, along with three other names,32 released a preprint paper on an open-access research data repository called Zenodo. The title of the paper used scientific keywords central to the bioweapon misinformation narrative: “Unusual Features of the SARS-CoV-2 Genome Suggesting Sophisticated Laboratory Modification Rather Than Natural Evolution and Delineation of Its Probable Synthetic Route.”33 Its entire claim is in its title: COVID-19 was created in a lab. She joined Twitter and tweeted the Zenodo link to her preprint.34 Once considered controversial, the publication of preprints during the pandemic has increased in order to share data quickly during the crisis.35 But preprint publications can also be a vulnerability in the information ecosystem. Because preprints are not scrutinized in the same way as peer-reviewed journal articles and can be uploaded by anyone, they can become vectors for misinformation. “Preprints are the Facebook of science,” said Dr. Pamela Silver, who sits on the advisory board of bioRxiv, the premier preprint server for biology.36 Yan’s choices to release the paper as a preprint, and to use Zenodo as the terrain to disseminate it, appear strategic. Zenodo is hosted at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) and funded by OpenAIRE and the European Commission. Uploads to Zenodo are automatically assigned a DOI (Document Object Indicator), which gives it a baseline-level of legitimacy and a way for other scientists to cite it. Additionally, in contrast to bioRxiv, Zenodo is designed so that anyone with an email address can upload their ideas.37 BioRxiv also has a four-to-five day delay between author upload and public viewing, whereas Zenodo makes papers available immediately. If Yan had uploaded to bioRxiv, she would have had to wait while the team reviewed the uploaded preprint to determine whether the information was original and scientifically sound.38 Furthermore, on bioRxiv, authors need to be affiliated with an institution with an ORCID (an academic identifier), but Zenodo does not have the same requirement. Yan listed her affiliation on her Zenodo paper as Bannon and Guo’s Rule of Law Foundation and Rule of Law Society. Once Yan had uploaded the preprint to Zenodo, it was shared by others across multiple platforms. Raheem Kassam uploaded it to Scribd as “The Yan Report,” emphasizing her authorship. Using the same naming convention, it has been uploaded to YouTube as audio and added to publicly viewable Google Drives. Tweets and articles also describe the preprint as the “Yan Report.” The speed of open science meant that Yan’s preprint could travel far — and quickly.39 On the day of its publication, Twitter mentions of Yan’s report were made by the likes of India’s WION News (292.5K followers)40 and News18 (4.5M followers);41 right-wing accounts such as ZeroHedge (842K followers);42 and retired NBCUniversal Senior Executive Mike Sington (24.2K followers).43 Peter Navarro (92.5K followers), Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Trade and Manufacturing Policy, tweeted, “It would be unbelievable if it weren't so believable. #CCPLiedPeopleDied.” The tweet included a link to a ZeroHedge article about Yan joining Twitter and tweeting a link to her paper. It received 12.7K retweets and 19.1K likes.44 The Yan Report also sparked conversation in online forums, such as Reddit.45 According to a capture by the Internet Archive, Yan’s preprint had 156,769 views and 104,708 downloads on the day it was uploaded to Zenodo, making it instantly one of the most popular papers about COVID-19. In an interview with National Geographic, Dr. Angela Rasumussen, a virologist at Columbia University, explained that Yan’s paper “looks legitimate because they use a lot of technical jargon. But in reality, a lot of what they're saying doesn't really make any sense.”46 Yan’s paper includes graphs, datasets, and cellular models, making it look like she has the evidence to back up her claims. STAGE 3: Responses by Industry, Activists, Politicians, and Journalists On September 15, the day after publication, Yan appeared on Tucker Carlson’s Fox News show. On the segment, she discussed her report. It was the fourth-most-watched program on TV that night, with an estimated 4.85 million viewers tuned in.47 G News released a statement about Yan’s paper that included a direct link to the paper.48 Carlson posted the clip of Yan’s appearance to Facebook and tweeted it. On Facebook, it has 73K reactions, 16K comments, and 78K shares.49 On Twitter, the clip has 56K likes and 27K retweets.50 The interview, also uploaded to YouTube, has around 2.8M views.51 The link was promoted by Carlson’s colleagues, such as Tammy Bruce, whose preview of the episode attracted 21.6K Twitter likes.52 For comparison, other Fox stories that day received much less attention. The top two results of a Facebook search show 1K and 2.3K engagements, respectively.53 On the day of the Carlson interview, Yan uploaded her publication to ResearchGate.54 Having the preprint on other repositories increases the likelihood that someone searching online would find the paper, and redundancy acts as a backup in case it is removed from one site. By September 16, the views on her Zenodo paper had reached 404,163, per the Internet Archive. Bannon went on Tucker Carlson’s show two days after Yan, where he discussed Yan and her paper.55 He interviewed Yan on War Room: Pandemic 11 times between July 28 and October 2, 2020.56 Bannon and Kassam continue to host her and Navarro, a major booster of her report, periodically.57 She appeared on the show a total of 22 times in 2020, according to a count of the show notes on Pandemic: War Room’s website.58 A Tucker Carlson tweet that links to a clip from his interview with Yan. Screenshot by TaSC. A Tucker Carlson tweet that links to a clip from his interview with Yan. Screenshot by TaSC. Tweet by Tammy Bruce publicizing Yan’s interview with Tucker Carlson. Screenshot by TaSC. Tweet by Tammy Bruce publicizing Yan’s interview with Tucker Carlson. Screenshot by TaSC. A tweet by Peter Navarro that links to the Yan Report. Screenshot by TaSC. A tweet by Peter Navarro that links to the Yan Report. Screenshot by TaSC. Conservative news sites covered the Yan Report uncritically, such as National Review,59 as well as the same media outlets that reported on Yan before her Zenodo upload: Fox,60 New York Post,61 and Tech Times.62 It also received international media exposure via reporting by Australia’s New.Com.Au,63 Spain’s AS English,64 and India’s WION.65 Influential conservatives voices continued to amplify the Yan Report on social media. Interview clips, commentary, and links were shared as Facebook posts, tweets, and retweets by Senator Marsha Blackburn, Rev. Franklin Graham, and President Trump,66 signifying a degree of political adoption, at least by some members of the president’s party.67 By arguing that COVID-19 was designed in a Chinese lab, the Yan Report affirms Trump’s repeated claim that “it’s China’s fault.”68 An analysis by TaSC found that links to the preprint have been tweeted and retweeted 15,731 times. Just three tweets (two from Yan and one from Navarro) received two-thirds of the retweets.69 The graph (shown below) charts the virality of the Yan preprint. Yan’s preprint received about 850,000 views between its upload and October 8, the date she uploaded her next report. This graph is based on data captured by the Internet Archive. To put the Yan Report’s virality in context, it is important to note that other papers uploaded around this time have only a few hundred views. As of February 10, 2021, the Yan Report had 1,043,337 views and 735,879 downloads.70 Total daily views (blue line) and downloads (red line) of the first Yan Report from the day of its upload (September 14, 2020) through to the publication of this case study (February 10, 2021). Data was taken from the Internet Archive captures of the Zenodo page hosting the Yan Report, which refreshes its page views and downloads once daily. Total daily views (blue line) and downloads (red line) of the first Yan Report from the day of its upload (September 14, 2020) through to the publication of this case study (February 10, 2021). Data was taken from the Internet Archive captures of the Zenodo page hosting the Yan Report, which refreshes its page views and downloads once daily. The numbers are the same on September 19, 20, and 21 as Zenodo had a small outage on those days. Note that no data is available for the following dates: September 28, 29, October 26, November 14, 22, 24, 28, 30, December 7, 10, 14, 22, 27, and January 3, 13, 14, 15, 18, 21, 25. Chart by TaSC. STAGE 4: Mitigation efforts The media attention that the Yan Report received led academic scientists to issue refutations of the preprint, and that analysis was then covered by critical press. There is scientific and journalistic consensus that the content of Yan’s preprint is not convincing, and furthermore, is medical misinformation.71 A week after its upload to Zenodo, the preprint was fact-checked by Johns Hopkins’ Center for Health Security, which said that the paper “offers contradictory and inaccurate information that does not support their argument.”72 Another problem with the paper is that it cites “multiple papers in their reference section that have weaknesses or flaws to make their case.”73 In an interview with CNN, Nancy D. Connell of Johns Hopkins, explained why her team decided to engage with the paper: “It was clear on social media that the paper was getting more and more attention. We talked carefully and thought for a long time whether to do it.”74 On September 24, MIT scientists concluded,“This manuscript does not demonstrate sufficient scientific evidence to support its claims. Claims are at times baseless and are not supported by the data and methods used. Decision-makers should consider the author's claims in this study misleading.”75 The Yan Report was also fact-checked by scientists at Columbia University,76 Carnegie Mellon University, and the University of Washington.77 In addition to critical press and debunking, Twitter suspended Yan’s Twitter account two days after she created it to share the preprint, though Twitter made no public statement about the cause of the suspension.78 Twitter also de-indexed the longform version of the link to her preprint, so that no results appear when it is searched on Twitter. Shorter versions of the link, however, still lead to tweets about the preprint. Facebook and Instagram added warnings to Tucker Carlson’s posts about his interview with Yan. YouTube videos — from Tucker Carlson, Fox News, and Loose Women — all have a small banner across the bottom with an option to view CDC information.79 Screenshot of Tucker Carlson’s Facebook post sharing his interview with Yan. Credit: TaSC. Screenshot of Tucker Carlson’s Facebook post sharing his interview with Yan. Credit: TaSC. Social media moderation, however, did not quell the interest in the paper. After attempts by the platforms to reduce the report’s spread, Infowars posted an article saying that Facebook had “censored” the Tucker Carlson interview.80 Sara Carter, a Fox commentator, also brought attention to content moderation and urged her followers to watch the interview clip.81 The New York Times also reported on social media responses.82 Yan has claimed that censorship kept her work at the preprint stage,83 though we have found no evidence that Yan and her named co-authors sought publication in any scientific journal, as customary with a preprint like this. Instead, these claims of censorship echo media manipulation strategies that make unfounded claims about bias in order to create an aura of illicit information.84 In an interview with Zenodo’s curators and representatives from OpenAire, the team told TaSC they weighed removing the preprint from the repository. They decided against it because it would be antithetical to the spirit of their platform — and their terms of service. They state that an upload isn’t an endorsement. Rather, they maintain Zenodo is a platform where scientific conversation can begin. Keeping the Yan Report online, they said, means that it can be discussed and debunked. When scientists fact-check it, they have a paper to reference and a DOI to cite. However, the site currently does not provide a discussion forum or labels that identify when there is significant refutation of content on their site.85 STAGE 5: Adjustments by campaign operators Yan published a second paper on October 8, however, with some tactical adjustment, specifically in the language of the title and the content of the paper. The title of this second paper is more straightforward, and less scientific-sounding: “SARS-CoV-2 Is an Unrestricted Bioweapon: A Truth Revealed through Uncovering a Large-Scale, Organized Scientific Fraud.” This title covers top keyword search terms for disinformation about bioweapons, which topped the most shared stories this year. Per The New York Times, “media intelligence platform” Zignal Labs found that content about bioweapons accounted for 24.2 percent of the misinformation spread in 2020.86 This second paper was uploaded to Zenodo, but unlike the first one, was not accepted to the site’s Coronavirus Disease Research Community - COVID-19. The second Yan Report was also uploaded to ResearchGate, and it is part of the site’s Coronavirus Community.87 As part of her tactical adjustment, Yan created a second Twitter account in order to tweet her second preprint. During the observation period, it received 16.3K likes and 14.1K retweets and quote tweets.88 It was immediately shared by right-wing Twitter accounts, such as ZeroHedge, which posted the link along with a mention of how quickly Yan’s account was removed after her last paper. Anticipating more platform moderation, Yan also tweeted a link to her Gab account (should her second Twitter account be removed), which represents further adjustment. Gab is a minor platform frequented by white supremacists, conspiracists, and others who seek unmoderated online discussion forums. As of February 10, 2021, Yan’s latest Twitter account was still active and has nearly 76K followers.89 Her second paper has 229,918 views on Zenodo and has been downloaded 117,651 times.90 Notably, for the second Yan Report, CNN accused Yan of copying passages from an anonymous blogger into her preprint.91 This resulted in a third working paper, which is a direct response to CNN. Also uploaded to Zenodo, it is titled “CNN Used Lies and Misinformation to Muddle the Water on the Origin of SARS-CoV-2.”92 The paper attempts to refute CNN’s plagiarism claims and contends that CNN used its media power to discredit Yan’s work and reputation. Uploaded on November 21, 2020, this paper has received only 30,080 views and 9,403 downloads. Unlike the previous reports that included misleading science, this upload appears to be a press release, wherein Zenodo is acting as part of the distribution infrastructure for Yan’s public replies. Conclusion By exploiting open science93 during a health crisis to further their political aims, Bannon and Guo utilized Yan’s status as a research scientist fleeing Hong Kong to sustain public attention to the “COVID-19 as a bioweapon” narrative. While data repositories and preprint servers have provided crucial infrastructure for international collaboration on COVID-19, like other online platforms, they can also be used in disinformation campaigns, due to the legitimacy they confer by association. When lay publics and some journalists view these sites, they may inadvertently assume the content has been vetted or assessed in some official capacity, and is therefore sound science. Cloaked science can be particularly deceiving when it is surrounded by research from top tier scientists, universities, and institutes. References 1Bill Gertz, “Coronavirus may have originated in lab linked to China’s biowarfare program,” The Washington Times, January 26, 2020, https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2020/jan/26/coronavirus-link-to-china-biowarfare-program-possi/; Ken Webster, “Coronavirus May Have Links to Biowarfare Program: Analysts,” KPRC AM 950, January 28, 2020, https://kprcradio.iheart.com/featured/the-pursuit-of-happiness/content/2020-01-28-coronavirus-may-have-links-to-biowarfare-program-analysts/; Alex, Kasprak, “The Origins and Scientific Failings of the COVID-19 ‘Bioweapon’ Conspiracy Theory,” Snopes, April 1, 2020, https://www.snopes.com/news/2020/04/01/covid-19-bioweapon/. 2Amy Qin, Vivian Wang, and Danny Hakim, “How Steve Bannon and a Chinese Billionaire Created a Right-Wing Coronavirus Media Sensation,” The New York Times, November 20, 2020, https://www.nytimes.com/2020/11/20/business/media/steve-bannon-china.html. 3Amy Qin, Vivian Wang, and Danny Hakim, “How Steve Bannon and a Chinese Billionaire Created a Right-Wing Coronavirus Media Sensation.” 4GM35, “Breaking News: China Will Admit Coronavirus Coming from Its P4 Lab,” G News, January 25, 2020, https://gnews.org/89749/. 5Brian Spegele, Sha Hua, and Aruna Viswanatha, “Fundraising at Company Tied to Steve Bannon and Guo Wengui Faces Probe,” The Wall Street Journal, April 19, 2020, https://www.wsj.com/articles/fundraising-at-company-tied-to-steve-bannon-and-guo-wengui-faces-probe-11597857467; David Barboza, “Steve Bannon and a Fugitive Billionaire Target a Common Enemy: China,” The New York Times, December 4, 2018, https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/04/business/stephen-bannon-guo-wengui-china.html. 6“Rule of Law Society - Home,” accessed January 2, 2021, https://rolsociety.org/. 7David Barboza, “Steve Bannon and a Fugitive Billionaire Target a Common Enemy: China.” 8Jane Lytvynenko, “A Site Tied To Steve Bannon Is Writing Fake News About The Coronavirus,” BuzzFeed News, February 3, 2020, https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/janelytvynenko/a-site-tied-to-steve-bannon-is-writing-fake-news-about-the. 9Qin et al., “How Steve Bannon and a Chinese Billionaire Created a Right-Wing Coronavirus Media Sensation.” 10This data was tracked by TaSC. 11Vikash Aiyappa, “Wuhan Wet Market a Smokescreen by Chinese Government Says Virologist Dr. Li-Meng,” Yahoo! News, September 22, 2020, https://in.news.yahoo.com/wuhan-wet-market-smokescreen-chinese-024117205.html. 12Melissa Healy, “Was the Coronavirus Made in a Wuhan Lab? Here’s What the Genetic Evidence Shows,” Los Angeles Times, May 9, 2020, https://www.latimes.com/science/story/2020-05-09/was-the-coronavirus-made-in-a-wuhan-lab-heres-what-the-genetic-evidence-shows. 13“Virtual Keystone Symposia: Li-Meng Yan, MD, PhD,” https://virtual.keystonesymposia.org/ks/speakers/view/1097. 14Sin Fun Sia, Li-Meng Yan, Alex W. H. Chin, Kevin Fung, Ka-Tim Choy, Alvina Y. L. Wong, Prathanporn Kaewpreedee, Ranawaka A. P. M. Perera, Leo L. M. Poon, John M. Nicholls, Malik Peiris and Hui-Ling Yen. “Pathogenesis and Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in Golden Hamsters.” Nature, 583 (May 14, 2020): 834–38, https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-020-2342-5. 15Amy Qin, Vivian Wang, and Danny Hakim, “How Steve Bannon and a Chinese Billionaire Created a Right-Wing Coronavirus Media Sensation.” 16Melissa Healy, “Was the Coronavirus Made in a Wuhan Lab? Here’s What the Genetic Evidence Shows;” Maanvi Singh, Helen Davidson and Julian Borger, “Trump Claims to Have Evidence Coronavirus Started in Chinese Lab but Offers No Details,” The Guardian, April 30, 2020, https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/apr/30/donald-trump-coronavirus-chinese-lab-claim. 17Zachary Cohen, Alex Marquardt, Kylie Atwood and Jim Acosta, “Trump Contradicts US Intel Community by Claiming He’s Seen Evidence Coronavirus Originated in Chinese Lab,” CNN, May 1, 2020, https://www.cnn.com/2020/04/30/politics/trump-intelligence-community-china-coronavirus-origins/index.html. 18"Hong Kong Scientist Claiming China “covered up” Coronavirus Data Speaks Out," FOX News, 2020 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7voTUuVT5i4.; Barnini Chakraborty and Alex Diaz, “EXCLUSIVE: Chinese Virologist Accuses Beijing of Coronavirus Cover-up, Flees Hong Kong: ‘I Know How They Treat Whistleblowers,’” FOX News, July 10, 2020, https://www.foxnews.com/world/chinese-virologist-coronavirus-cover-up-flee-hong-kong-whistleblower. 19"Hong Kong Scientist Claiming China 'covered up' Coronavirus Data Speaks Out." 20Ibid. 21"Hong Kong Scientist Claiming China “covered up” Coronavirus Data Speaks Out”, FOX News. YouTube, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7voTUuVT5i4&t=2s; Facebook, https://www.facebook.com/FoxNews/posts/10159636053686336. 22Will Bleakley, “About Us,” CrowdTangle, accessed January 2, 2021, http://help.crowdtangle.com/en/articles/4201940-about-us. 23The University of Hong Kong, “HKU Responds to the Media Concerning a Former Staff Member’s TV Interview,” July 11, 2020, https://www.hku.hk/press/press-releases/detail/21274.html. 24Raheem Kassam Discusses the Origin of the CCP Virus, 2020, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FOJDZFQ9NiI&feature=emb_logo. Note: The Twitter pages for War Room Pandemic and National Pulse have been suspended. 25Loose Women, Virologist Dr. Li-Meng Yan Claims Coronavirus Lab “Cover-Up” Made Her Flee China, YouTube, 2020, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Lq3_rsBJ9w. 26Loose Women, Virologist Dr. Li-Meng Yan Claims Coronavirus Lab “Cover-Up” Made Her Flee China. 27Natalie Musumeci, “Chinese Virologist Claims COVID Was Made in Lab — but US Studies Don’t Agree,” New York Post, September 11, 2020, https://nypost.com/2020/09/11/chinese-virologist-says-she-has-proof-covid-19-was-made-in-wuhan-lab/. 28CJ Robles, “Chinese Whistleblower, Dr. Li-Meng Yan to Release Scientific Proof that Coronavirus Came from Wuhan Lab, Not at a Wet Market,” Tech Times, September 11, 2020, https://www.techtimes.com/amp/articles/252484/20200911/chinese-whistleblower-dr-li-meng-yan-to-release-scientific-proof-that-coronavirus-came-from-wuhan-lab-not-at-a-wet-market.htm. 29Monica Greep, “Chinese Virologist Who Fled to the US after Claiming Beijing Covered up Covid-19 Vows to Publish Evidence PROVING the Virus Is Manmade - and Claims Even Non-Scientists Will Be Able to Verify the Data,” Daily Mail Online, September 11, 2020, https://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-8722519/Virologist-claims-publish-evidence-PROVING-coronavirus-manmade.html. 30Mint (@livemint), “Chinese Virologist Dr Li-Meng Yan Has Claimed That the Novel #coronavirus Was Made in a Government Controlled Laboratory in Wuhan,” Twitter, September 14, 2020, https://twitter.com/livemint/status/1305394599460913153. 31To the lay public and some journalists, preprint articles may appear indistinguishable from peer-reviewed scientific publications. But preprints are different. They are working drafts of a scientific study that have not been scrutinized by peer-review, and only some have been accepted for publication into a journal pending revision. Preprints are a relatively recent phenomenon in science, meant to accelerate access to findings that could benefit the public and speed up scientific inquiry by giving scientists access without having to wait for the laborious process of peer review and publication, which can sometimes take years. 32CNN and The New York Times reported that Yan’s co-authors used pen names, although there is blogged speculation that the co-authors don’t exist. While the preprint does not indicate that they are pen names, The New York Times reported that Bannon said they did so for security. CNN noted the scientific community discourages pen names in order to promote transparency. Affiliations, too, promote transparency, and are listed at the top of scientific papers. The affiliation listed at the top of the page can lend or lower credibility, depending on the institution’s reputation. 33Li-Meng Yan, Shu Kang, Jie Guan, and Shanchang Hu, “Unusual Features of the SARS-CoV-2 Genome Suggesting Sophisticated Laboratory Modification Rather Than Natural Evolution and Delineation of Its Probable Synthetic Route,” zenodo, September 14, 2020, https://zenodo.org/record/4028830#.X9zn3ulKjGJ. 34Jason Murdock, “Twitter Suspends Account of Chinese Virologist Who Claimed Coronavirus Was Made in a Lab,” Newsweek, September 16, 2020, https://www.newsweek.com/twitter-suspends-dr-li-meng-yan-wuhan-lab-coronavirus-covid19-1532193. 35Matthew Cobb, “The Prehistory of Biology Preprints: A Forgotten Experiment from the 1960s,” PLoS Biology 15, no. 11 (November 16, 2017), https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5690419/. 36Interview conducted with Technology and Social Change team. 37After upload, the curators are volunteers, and they accept or reject preprints into Zenodo communities. A rejection means that the paper is live on Zenodo but not categorized into any community, which potentially reduces its visibility. The Yan Report was accepted to Zenodo’s Coronavirus Disease Research Community - COVID-19. 38Interview conducted with TaSC. 39Michael Woelfle, Piero Olliaro, and Matthew H. Todd, “Open Science Is a Research Accelerator,” Nature Chemistry 3, no. 10 (October 2011): 745–48, https://doi.org/10.1038/nchem.1149; the numbers in the following two paragraphs were recorded during the observation period. 40WION (@WIONews), “#Gravitas | Chinese Virologist Dr. Li-Meng Yan Has Claimed That She Has Proof That the Coronavirus Came from a Government Lab in Wuhan. @palkisu Brings You the Details,” Twitter, September 14, 2020, https://twitter.com/WIONews/status/1305583815788621825. 41News18 (@CNNnews18), “#BREAKING | Whistleblower Virologist Exposes China’s Lies on Coronavirus. Virus Manufactured in a Govt-Controlled Lab: Dr Li-Meng Yan. @AnchorAnandN with Details. #CoronavirusOutbreak Oin the Broadcast with @SiddiquiMaha,” Twitter, September 14, 2020, https://twitter.com/CNNnews18/status/1305437426173837313. 42zerohedge (@zerohedge), “‘The Evidence Shows That SARS-CoV-2 Should Be a Laboratory Product Created by Using Bat Coronaviruses ZC45 and/or ZXC21 as a Template and/or Backbone.’ - Dr Li-Meng Yan @LiMengYAN119,” Twitter, September 14, 2020, https://twitter.com/zerohedge/status/1305519063695794176. 43Mike Sington (@MikeSington), “UPDATE: Dr. Li-Meng Yan Has Released the Proof and Published Her Findings,” Twitter, September 14, 2020, https://twitter.com/MikeSington/status/1305547520357969930. 44Peter Navarro (@RealPNavarro), “It Would Be Unbelievable If It Weren’t so Believable. #CCPLiedPeopleDied,” Twitter, September 14, 2020, https://twitter.com/RealPNavarro/status/1305558115086196737. 45u/hrustomij, “Chinese Defector Virologist Dr Li-Meng Yan Publishes Report Claiming COVID-19 Was Made in a Lab.” Reddit, September 15, 2020, https://www.reddit.com/r/worldnews/comments/it4l7n/chinese_defector_virologist_dr_limeng_yan/.; u/Arachnus64, “Thoughts on the Yan Report?” Reddit, September 15, 2020, https://www.reddit.com/r/slatestarcodex/comments/it8ep1/thoughts_on_the_yan_report/. 46Monique Brouillette and Rebecca Renner, “Why Misinformation about COVID-19’s Origins Keeps Going Viral,” National Geographic, September 18, 2020, https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2020/09/coronavirus-origins-misinformation-yan-report-fact-check-cvd/. 47David Bauder, “Something unusual is missing among Nielsen's top programs,” ABC News, September 22, 2020, https://abcnews.go.com/Entertainment/wireStory/unusual-missing-nielsens-top-programs-73176644. 48“Dr. Li-Meng Yan Suspended by Twitter, on Tucker Carlson Tonight at 8pm,” GNEWS, September 15, 2020, https://gnews.org/358415. [email protected], Facebook, September 15, 2020, https://www.facebook.com/TuckerCarlsonTonight/posts/1295668547435128. 50Tucker Carlson (@TuckerCarlson), “Chinese Whistleblower to Tucker: This Virus Was Made in a Lab & I Can Prove It,” Twitter, September 16, 2020, https://twitter.com/TuckerCarlson/status/1306053036448583680. 51Coronavirus Whistleblower Speaks out about Possible COVID Origin on “Tucker” (FOX News, 2020), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qFlqXPl_hZQ. 52Tammy Bruce (@HeyTammyBruce), “Wow, Amazing and Shocking Intv on Tonight’s Show w @TuckerCarlson & Dr. Li-Meng Yan. Amazing Details and Allegations That COVID-19 Is Man-Made and Released Deliberately by the CCP. I Hope She Has Serious Security,” Twitter, September 16, 2020, https://twitter.com/heytammybruce/status/1306025807417159680. 53Fox News, Facebook, September 15, 2020, https://www.facebook.com/page/15704546335/search/?q=sep%2015. 54Limeng Yan, “Unusual Features of the SARS-CoV-2 Genome Suggesting Sophisticated Laboratory Modification Rather Than Natural Evolution and Delineation of Its Probable Synthetic Route,” ResearchGate, September 14, 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4028829. Note: The preprint can be read and downloaded from ResearchGate instead of linking to be viewed on Zenodo. As such, the view and download count do not include metrics from ResearchGate. The citation on ResearchGate does not list its own website. It has the Zenodo DOI. 55Rob Kuznia, Scott Bronstein, Drew Griffin and Curt Devine, “How a Covid-19 Origin Theory Backed by Bannon Unraveled,” CNN, October 21, 2020, https://www.cnn.com/2020/10/21/politics/coronavirus-lab-theory-yan-bannon-invs/index.html; “Steve Bannon on Fraud Charges: ‘They’re Not Gonna Shut Me down;’” Fox News, September 17, 2020, https://www.foxnews.com/transcript/steve-bannon-on-fraud-charges-theyre-not-gonna-shut-me-down. 56War Room: Pandemic has been removed from YouTube and Twitter. Third party re-uploads can be streamed via Facebook. 57Peter Navarro (@RealPNavarro), “A Chinese Scientist Is Called in to Investigate a Deadly Virus in Wuhan, Finds Troublesome Facts, Is Muzzled by the CCP, Flees for Her Life to the U.S., Speaks Her Own Truth, and Then Is Muzzled by the ‘Free’ America Social Media. Where’s the Outrage?” Twitter, September 16, 2020, https://twitter.com/RealPNavarro/status/1306283887006547971 ; “Search Results for: ‘Yan,’” War Room: Pandemic, accessed January 3, 2021, https://pandemic.warroom.org/search/Yan/. 58Search Results for: ‘Yan,’ War Room: Pandemic. 59Jim Geraghty, “Dr. Li-Meng Yan’s Claims Call for Skepticism but Not Dismissal,” National Review (blog), September 17, 2020, https://www.nationalreview.com/the-morning-jolt/dr-li-meng-yans-claims-call-for-skepticism-but-not-dismissal/. 60Sam Dorman, “Tucker Carlson Criticizes Facebook for Censoring Interview with Chinese Virologist," Fox News, September 17, 2020, https://www.foxnews.com/media/tucker-facebook-censor-chinese-virologist. 61Tamar Lapin, “Chinese Virologist Posts Report Claiming COVID-19 Was Made in Wuhan Lab,” New York Post, September 14, 2020, https://nypost.com/2020/09/14/chinese-virologist-posts-report-claiming-covid-19-was-made-in-wuhan-lab/. 62Urian B., “Chinese Whistleblower Dr. Li-Meng Yan Blames Dr. Fauci for COVID-19 Outbreak Coverup,” Tech Times, September 15, 2020, https://www.techtimes.com/articles/252545/20200915/new-evidence-covid-19-whistleblower-dr-li-meng-yan-blames-dr-fauci-for-outbreak-coverup.htm. 63Phoebe Loomes, “Chinese Virologist Dr Li-Meng Yan Publishes Report Claiming COVID-19 Was Made in a Lab,” news.com.au, September 17, 2020, https://www.news.com.au/lifestyle/health/health-problems/chinese-defector-virologist-dr-limeng-yan-publishes-report-claiming-covid19-was-made-in-a-lab/news-story/36decb0c2bca253b696dec0cb665c970. 64Ana Beatriz Micó, “Covid-19 ‘Genetically Engineered to Target Humans,’” AS.com, September 15, 2020, https://en.as.com/en/2020/09/15/latest_news/1600196698_232755.html. 65WION Web Team, “‘Chinese Communist Party’s Money and Power Influence Whole World’, Says Virologist Dr Li-Meng Yan,” WION, September 22, 2020, https://www.wionews.com/world/chinese-virologist-wion-exclusive-chinese-communist-partys-money-and-power-influence-whole-world-says-virologist-dr-li-meng-yan-329489. 66Trump has since been removed from Twitter and suspended from Facebook. 67Amy Qin, Vivian Wang, & Danny Hakim, “How Steve Bannon and a Chinese Billionaire Created a Right-Wing Coronavirus Media Sensation." 68German Lopez, “Trump on Covid-19: ‘I Take Full Responsibility. It’s Not My Fault.,’” Vox, October 22, 2020, https://www.vox.com/future-perfect/2020/10/22/21529666/debate-trump-biden-coronavirus-responsibility-fault. 69These Twitter data were obtained by querying Brandwatch on December 11, 2020, for all tweets mentioning either or both of the Zenodo urls corresponding to the first and second Yan reports. 70Li-Meng Yan et al., “Unusual Features of the SARS-CoV-2 Genome Suggesting Sophisticated Laboratory Modification Rather Than Natural Evolution and Delineation of Its Probable Synthetic Route” Zenodo, September 14, 2020), https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4028830. 71Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security, “In Response: Yan et al Preprint Examinations of the Origin of SARS-CoV-2,” Center for Health Security, September 21, 2020, https://www.centerforhealthsecurity.org/our-work/pubs_archive/pubs-pdfs/2020/200921-in-response-yan.pdf; Monique Brouillette and Rebecca Renner, “Why Misinformation about COVID-19’s Origins Keeps Going Viral;" Katherine J. Wu, “Another ‘Unfounded’ Study on Origins of Virus Spreads Online,” The New York Times, October 13, 2020, https://www.nytimes.com/2020/10/13/technology/another-unfounded-study-on-origins-of-virus-spreads-online.html; Alex Kasprak, “The Origins and Scientific Failings of the COVID-19 ‘Bioweapon’ Conspiracy Theory;” Melissa Healy, “Was the Coronavirus Made in a Wuhan Lab? Here’s What the Genetic Evidence Shows.” 72Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security, “In Response: Yan et al Preprint Examinations of the Origin of SARS-CoV-2.” 73Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security. 74Rob Kuznia et al., “How a Covid-19 Origin Theory Backed by Bannon Unraveled.” 75Takahiko Koyama, Adam Lauring, Robert Gallo, and Marvin Reitz, “Reviews of ‘Unusual Features of the SARS-CoV-2 Genome Suggesting Sophisticated Laboratory Modification Rather Than Natural Evolution and Delineation of Its Probable Synthetic Route,’” Rapid Reviews COVID-19, September 25, 2020, https://rapidreviewscovid19.mitpress.mit.edu/pub/78we86rp/release/2. 76Monique Brouillette & Rebecca Renner, “Why Misinformation about COVID-19’s Origins Keeps Going Viral.” 77Katherine J. Wu, “Another ‘Unfounded’ Study on Origins of Virus Spreads Online.” 78Bannon, too, has since been suspended from Twitter due to threats against public servants. His pages are still available on Facebook and YouTube (he did get a one-week strike on YouTube). 79Fox News, Coronavirus whistleblower speaks out about possible COVID origin on 'Tucker', YouTube, September 15, 2020, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qFlqXPl_hZQ ; Fox News, Hong Kong scientist claiming China 'covered up' coronavirus data speaks out, YouTube, July 13, 2020, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Lq3_rsBJ9w. 80Kelen McBreen, “Breaking! Facebook Censors Tucker Interview With Chinese Scientist Reporting China Intentionally Released Wuhan Virus,” Info Wars, September 16, 2020, https://archives.infowars.com/breaking-facebook-censors-tucker-interview-with-chinese-scientist-claiming-china-intentionally-released-wuhan-virus/. 81Sara A. Carter (@SaraCarterDC), “@Facebook, @Twitter, and @instagram Blocked Content from @TuckerCarlson’s Show in Order Not to Allow Americans to View the Recent Report on the Origins of #coronavirus,” Twitter, September 17, 2020, https://twitter.com/SaraCarterDC/status/1306509089825058818. 82Tiffany Hsu, “Facebook and Instagram Flag Tucker Carlson Virus Posts,” The New York Times, September 16, 2020, https://www.nytimes.com/2020/09/16/business/media/facebook-instagram-tucker-carlson-virus-posts.html. 83Li-Meng Yan et al., “Unusual Features of the SARS-CoV-2 Genome Suggesting Sophisticated Laboratory Modification Rather Than Natural Evolution and Delineation of Its Probable Synthetic Route.” 84Molly Sauter, “The Illicit Aura of Information,” Limn, April 11, 2017, https://limn.it/articles/the-illicit-aura-of-information/. 85Interview conducted with TaSC. 86Kevin Roose, “The Year in Misinformation, So Far,” The New York Times, October 27, 2020, sec. Technology, https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/10/27/technology/soros-voting-misinformation.html. 87Being organized into a research group makes it easier to search for the paper, and it means that the paper will appear in the community rankings, such as “Most Viewed.” For example, here is Zenodo's "Most Viewed" papers within its “Coronavirus Disease Research Community - COVID-19 | Zenodo:” https://perma.cc/6B7T-DL8D. 88Dr. Li-Meng Yan (@DrLiMengYAN1), “My Second Scientific Report Is Published in Zenodo. This Is the Only Account in Twitter for Dr. Li-Meng YAN,” Twitter, October 8, 2020, https://twitter.com/DrLiMengYAN1/status/1314191600571031557. 89Dr. Li-Meng Yan (@DrLiMengYAN1), Twitter, https://twitter.com/DrLiMengYAN1. 90Li-Meng Yan et al., “SARS-CoV-2 Is an Unrestricted Bioweapon: A Truth Revealed through Uncovering a Large-Scale, Organized Scientific Fraud” (Zenodo, October 8, 2020), https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4073131. 91Kuznia et al., “How a Covid-19 Origin Theory Backed by Bannon Unraveled.” 92Li-Meng Yan et al., “CNN Used Lies and Misinformation to Muddle the Water on the Origin of SARS-CoV-2,” Zenodo, November 21, 2020), https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4283480. 93Amy Koeber, “Is It Fake News or Is It Open Science? Science Communication in the COVID-19 Pandemic,” Journal of Business and Technical Communication, September 22, 2020, https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1050651920958506.
小鱼观景
37 楼
美丽泉水 发表评论于 2021-03-30 05:47:28这个相信事实看来是喝多了。忘了加拿大已经暂停了香港加拿大引渡条约。 =======你看评论要看得仔细点,我觉得相信事实是在对楼下说孟去美国应诉一说,如果犯了美国法律就来美国好了,那以此逻辑,此案首先应该在香港审理,然后再说引渡一事。并不是说要加拿大引渡到香港。话又说回来,任当爹真是没当好,何必呢,女儿一个个都非得出来混,有了金山银山,还是出来打拼,没活明白。
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mcsquare
38 楼
没错,华为本就是中共家族企业。
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largebin
39 楼
中共现在就是过街老鼠人人喊打
橡皮潜艇
40 楼
她这样会住一个单间,关黑大妈什么事? 请重新输入2000 发表评论于 2021-03-30 05:48:00 这个律师就是个败家子 有了这些流氓外交官铺垫 一碗粥下半生将在美国监狱度过了 哈哈哈 黑大妈会好好照顾的
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roliepolieolie
41 楼
中国饥不择食,理屈词穷。如果这是损害中国主权,那湄公河惨案后中国为何要损害泰国主权?湄公河疑犯不是中国籍,杀人现场不在中国。中国不光是将疑犯引渡到中国审判,而且大张旗鼓地游街示众,枪毙。说是扬我国威,虽远必诛。现在美国引渡疑犯孟晚舟有何不同?
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googlywug
42 楼
以前以为中国的权贵是凌驾在中国人民头上的,现在发现是凌驾在法律和祖国之上的。
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Deepspace_01
43 楼
连律师都战狼化了。
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gdx2015
44 楼
加拿大真可怜!这样死乞白赖地帮主子,可是主子的新冠疫苗一剂都得不到,啧啧啧,做狗不容易!
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InNorthTexas
45 楼
倒要看看石正丽奉命在武汉放毒, 到头来算不算中国主权。
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InNorthTexas
46 楼
倒要看看石正丽奉命在武汉寻毒制毒放毒, 到头来算不算中国主权。
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lhy86
47 楼
朗姆加冰 发表评论于 2021-03-30 04:03:00 从法律层面上讲,美国提控的罪名是电信欺诈,并非直接和伊朗做生意。楼下瞎吵吵的先搞清楚再说 一一一 五毛的智商低,弄不明白这些道理。
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zzlbentley
48 楼
原来如此,看来以后国内的异议人士大可以翻墙到西方媒体上爆料中共,爆料地点在中国之外,中共自然无法定罪。可以立刻无罪释放张展吗?
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doushuai
49 楼
一旦引渡成功,中国一定会抓至少一个美国人,并重判那两个加拿大人。外交靠实力。美国的长臂管辖,和中国的报复措施都是基于实力。没有实力的国家如加拿大最好别在里边玩。
橡皮潜艇
50 楼
全部程序都走完还要多长时间?
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Bslrim
51 楼
zzlbentley 发表评论于 2021-03-30 06:41:13 原来如此,看来以后国内的异议人士大可以翻墙到西方媒体上爆料中共,爆料地点在中国之外,中共自然无法定罪。可以立刻无罪释放张展吗? ======= 中文是跟美国人学的?会面地点和网络媒体发帖地点是一回事吗?中国要是真管那么多,你怎么还没进去?
第七天的毛毛虫
52 楼
哈哈,这个律师应该是加拿大还是美国人吧
老寓公
53 楼
银行诈骗犯也代表了中国主权?
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pivotal
54 楼
加拿大的SB律师
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jiankliu
55 楼
中国可以考虑诱捕川傻或者彭肥...
读者A
56 楼
小鱼观景 发表评论于 2021-03-30 05:55:59 以任的身家,有必要让女儿去知法犯法吗? ------------- 嗯,权贵一定不会犯法。犯法的一定是屁民
田子坊
57 楼
学习组 发表评论于 2021-03-30 03:48:08 潘石屹儿子潘瑞不在海外嘛,事发地点也在海外啊。怎么质疑一下印中边界中方死亡人数,就算作刑事犯罪要所谓网上追逃? ——- +100
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chuxueca
58 楼
美国本是, 流氓国家, 却要自诩, 民主灯塔。 为了石油, 露出獠牙, 飞机大炮, 狂轰乱炸。 内法外用, 长臂管辖, 杀人越货, 乡痞村霸。 作恶多端, 必遭鞭挞, 上苍有眼, 天降重罚。 截至美国西部时间, 2021年3月30日7时05分: 美国累积确诊:3076万 死亡人数:55.77万 查询链接:https://m.dealmoon.com/guide/934164 读帖有感: 巍巍太行 发表评论于 2021-03-30 05:47:01 搞不清楚,美国本是流 氓国家,为何要立牌坊,自诩民主灯塔?
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chuxueca
59 楼
使用链接时要去掉星号: 截至美国西部时间, 2021年3月30日7时05分: 美国累积确诊:3076万 死亡人数:55.77万 查询链接:***m.dealmoon***/guide/934164
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Youshijie
60 楼
一旦引渡成功,中国一定会抓至少一个美国人,并重判那两个加拿大人。外交靠实力。美国的长臂管辖,和中国的报复措施都是基于实力。没有实力的国家如加拿大最好别在里边玩。 ——-/—- 真的哦,清政府代表慈喜太后更厉害,拘禁了所有的去谈判的外交官,还搞死了好几个去谈判的外交官.然后对义和团杀杀杀杀。主权用起来杠杠的。中国政府还没做到这个,真是够怂的。你的远景:一个美国人,两个加拿大人,数量上根本没法跟我大清相提并论啊! 向滿清慈喜靠拢啊,赶紧别这么怂,这么跪了。
河西海龟
61 楼
这只烫手山芋美国才不会要呢。
青衣侠
62 楼
美国让加拿大抓捕孟晚舟,以及现在要印度孟晚舟,其法律依据是“长臂管辖”,也就是美国认为自己拥有特殊的治外法权,可以将国内法施行于世界各国,这当然损害中国主权了。
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wamay
63 楼
学习组 发表评论于 2021-03-30 03:48:08 潘石屹儿子潘瑞不在海外嘛,事发地点也在海外啊。怎么质疑一下印中边界中方死亡人数,就算作刑事犯罪要所谓网上追逃? ============= 呵呵呵,我第一时间就想到这事上了
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wangdansong
64 楼
中国已经摊牌,就看老美如何处理 “孟晚舟” 吧, 真的引渡到美国, 加拿大可真的惨了
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tesuji
65 楼
这种逮捕和引渡没在本国犯罪的第三国人员的行为当然违反国际法,加拿大对美国有义务,对中国根据国际法也有义务,这种引渡必须是涉事各方都同意才能进行。
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tesuji
66 楼
学习组 发表评论于 2021-03-30 03:48:08 潘石屹儿子潘瑞不在海外嘛,事发地点也在海外啊。怎么质疑一下印中边界中方死亡人数,就算作刑事犯罪要所谓网上追逃? === 潘是中国公民,孟不是美国公民,这就是区别,如果孟是美国公民,美国要求引渡,这是美加两国之间的事情,但孟是中国公民,这就是三国间的问题了,加对美国有义务,对中国也有义务。
血刀老祖
67 楼
确实没有美国什么事嘛!难道生活在中国的中国公民还要遵守美国法律不成?同理,我生活在美国,难道需要遵守中国法律?华为与伊朗做生意,美国已经制裁华为了,干孟晚舟个人啥事?
咏月
68 楼
孟晚舟的案子,她自己的加拿大律师本来可以轻松解决的问题,被中国政府给搅合的,整个加拿大反华,难了
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westshore
69 楼
一个外国人在外国违反了你国家的法律,因此你就可以在外国逮捕,这个逻辑唯一能够说通就必须是你国家的法律就是国际法。 人类社会出现国家的概念,就是你国家法律不能用在其他国家。
血刀老祖
70 楼
尼玛逼"咏月",啥叫中国政府给搅合的"。本来就是针对中国政府的政治事件,难道中国政府放任他国欺负中国公民不管?整个加拿大反华又能如何,难道还能将中国人一个个都抓了?下作!你也是!
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doushuai
71 楼
可怜湾湾,夜郎自大,螳臂当车。
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ROUTARD
72 楼
没关系,以后中国强大了,有美国人在中国以外违反了中国法律,咱也抓几个回来。 中国人有耐心,君子报仇 十年不晚。
咏月
73 楼
中国与加拿大这样一个国家都搞不好关系,甚至造成加拿大反华的民意比美国都更严重, 也应该反省一下外交政策: 加拿大是全世界最受尊敬的国家, 为了坚持自己的价值观,加拿大可以牺牲利益,这个世界上能做到的国家并不多;加拿大还因为多元文化反种族主义而闻名; 所以, 虽然加拿大的军事和经济实力都不会对中国有什么影响,但是却对中国在国际上的声誉有举足轻重的影响。 中国对加拿大的傲慢,是从2008奥运会后日渐明显公开,官方和民间都是对把加拿大当个不值一提的贫穷小国的态度,认定加拿大为了得到中国的市场和救济,必然会对中国卑恭 真是大错特错,也太不了解加拿大了!
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zzbb-bzbz
74 楼
汇丰在历史上就陷害过胡雪岩、廖仲恺等爱国人士
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wxczcbm
75 楼
westshore 发表评论于 2021-03-30 10:14:45一个外国人在外国违反了你国家的法律,因此你就可以在外国逮捕,这个逻辑唯一能够说通就必须是你国家的法律就是国际法。 人类社会出现国家的概念,就是你国家法律不能用在其他国家。 --------------------------- 你根本就不了解法律,只是想当然的认为”你国家法律不能用在其他国家。“ 中华人民共和国刑法第8条:“外国人在中华人民共和国领域外对中华人民共和国国家或者公民犯罪,而按本法规定的最低刑为三年以上有期徒刑的,可以适用本法,但是按照犯罪地的法律不受处罚的除外。”
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humimm
76 楼
这个厄特这么卖力气给敌人递刀子, 怎么没加拿大粉红追杀他呀
请重新输入2000
77 楼
律师很聪明 说几句狠话 钱就到手了 华为的粉丝很快乐送钱给加拿大 哈哈哈