我的Toastmasters 演讲稿 (2): The Art of Education - Liberal Education

L
LifeIsBeautiful3
楼主 (文学城)

Fellow toastmasters and welcomed guests, a few days ago, one of my friends posted an article on a social network asking the question “what is real education”? The question drew my interest and motivated me to do some research. My understanding from my research is that by “real education” the article was talking about “Liberal Education”.

What is Liberal Education? How can Liberal education benefit people?

Liberal Education is an approach to learning that empowers individuals and prepares them to deal with complexity, diversity, and change. It is more a way of studying than a specific course or field of study.

Here are three among many of benefits of liberal education.

Number one - Liberal education does not teach specific skills but can prepare us for ANY fields of specific skill, or profession.      

The ex-president of Yale University Richard Levin pointed out that liberal education differs fundamentally from professional education or vocational training. It is not intended to develop specific skills and its teachings are more general.

Liberal education serves as a foundation to most professional studies and helps to develop many of the skills and abilities that are needed in the contemporary workplace and also helps people to become independent, well-rounded and thoughtful individuals.

The second benefit I would like to talk about is that Liberal education does not change our living environments, but it can change the way we think.

Mr. Levin has also said that the essence of liberal education is to develop the freedom to think critically and independently, to cultivate one’s mind to its full potential…

Liberal education enables us to think differently. The perfect example to this point would be from the famous writer David Foster Wallace’s commencement speech at Kenyon College. In his speech, Wallace first told a short story.

There are these two young fish swimming along, and they happen to meet an older fish swimming the other way, who nods at them and says, “Morning, boys, how's the water?” And the two young ?sh swim on for a bit, and then eventually one of them looks over at the other and goes, “What the hell is water?”

What is water? The fishes know how to swim, but they don’t know what water is, they don’t know what environment and surroundings they are in. How much similarity is there between this situation compared with the human society we are in today? – we often slip into our mind and are unaware what realities are. As Wallace also said, the immediate point of the fish story is that the most obvious, ubiquitous, important realities are often the ones that are the hardest to see and talk about.

He pointed out – although it is socially repulsive, basic self-centeredness is our default-setting, hard-wired into our heads. Because other people's thoughts and feelings have to be communicated to you somehow, but your own are so immediate, urgent, and real. However, we do have option of getting free of our natural, hard-wired default-setting by educating ourselves and changing the way how we think.

He gave an example of one’s average day, you get up in the morning, go to your challenging work for  9 or 10 hours, at the end of day, you are tired and stressed out, yet you still need to do grocery shopping. You have to wander all over the huge, over lit store's crowded aisles to ?nd the stu? you want, go through the long check-out line, and then you have to drive all the way home through slow, heavy, SUV-intensive rush-hour tra?c.

In this case, if we don’t make a conscious decision about how to think, we are going to be angry and miserable every time, because our natural default-setting is the certainty that situations like this are really all about me, about MY hungriness and MY fatigue and MY desire to just get home, and it's going to seem, for all the world, like everybody else is just in my way.

Thinking this way is our natural default-setting. It's the automatic, unconscious way that we experience the boring, frustrating, crowded parts of adult life when we are operating on the automatic, unconscious belief that I am the absolute center of the world.

The thing is - there are di?erent ways to think about these kinds of situations. Maybe the SUV that just cut me o? is being driven by a father whose little child is hurt or sick in the seat next to him, and he's trying to rush to the hospital, and he's in a way bigger, more legitimate hurry than I am — it is actually I who am in his way. Or maybe everyone else in the supermarket's checkout line is just as bored and frustrated as I am, and that some of these people probably have much harder, more tedious or painful lives than I do.

Learning how to think or think differently and how to see thing whole is a big part of liberal education.

It helps us to be more conscious and aware enough to choose what we pay attention to, to choose how we construct meaning from experience and to be more compassionate.

 

The third benefit is - By making conscious decisions about how to think, people can achieve happiness

As just mentioned, liberal education change people how to think and helps people to be more conscious and compassionate.

Compassion motivates people to go out of their way to help physical, or emotional hurts or pains of another. A lot of people found that helping others is the number one thing that makes them happy.

“Happiness can be learned” said by the famous Harvard lecturer Tal Ben-Shahar who taught Positive Psychology and the Science of Happiness. He has also focused on the importance of learning to paying attention to reality, relationships, showing appreciations that contribute greatly to positive emotions and one’s happiness. These types of learning, as part of liberal education eventually help to lead to a happier life.

 

And who here does not want to lead a happier life??   Is it any wonder why my friend’s article caught my attention? It is the connection between liberal education and happiness! Sometimes they may not have direct connection, we just need to change the way how we think! Let’s take our life long liberal education!



更多我的博客文章>>> 窗外,门外,斑斓的秋色。。。 我家浴室的小装饰 院子里的秋色 家里老外做的中秋月饼 山东烧鸡和上海醉鸡
L
LifeIsBeautiful3
下面糯米粥提起This is water,想起我也用过这个例子,我也加入文化讨论吧,几年前写的了,现在没时间写了
糯米粥
抛砖引玉, 引出了你的玉!我还补充的一点是:

liberal education 提供了why. 而具体的职业教育是what and how.

没有这个why, 人在碰到坎的时候就过不去。 有了这个why, 才能迈过去

布兰雅
思维的方式,情绪的控制,行为的决断,都是可以训练的。

另外,我经常用的巴尔的摩的Desiderata也是控制我思维和行为的一个GU胶。

每当我心烦意乱时,定下心来,思索一下我下面应该怎么做,做什么。

GO PLACIDLY amid the noise and the haste, and remember what peace there may be in silence. As far as possible, without surrender, be on good terms with all persons.

Speak your truth quietly and clearly; and listen to others, even to the dull and the ignorant; they too have their story. Avoid loud and aggressive persons; they are vexatious to the spirit.

If you compare yourself with others, you may become vain or bitter, for always there will be greater and lesser persons than yourself.

L
LifeIsBeautiful3
所以所说情商比智商还要重要
布兰雅
包括楼下寻芳说的 Street smart
L
LifeIsBeautiful3
Absolutely! Totally agree!
L
LifeIsBeautiful3
是,总之跟 smart 沾光的都不错 :)
喜喜哈哈
yes... well said
s
sansemao
让我想起:待人接物的艺术和情商这两个范畴。
h
hhtt
但是,你不能控制你的热血?不是要你老公帮忙吗?

https://bbs.wenxuecity.com/tzlc/1427680.html

 

布兰雅
你掺和啥。哈哈哈

你看了就行了,我删了啊

h
hhtt
哈哈哈,小布美美,我是看错了标题?
喜喜哈哈
是啊! 他

本地人, 知道得比我多.

然后那些计算都是他弄

算出来结果是每月$300

那就不划算了. 我比较冲动

但我是听道理的

 

喜喜哈哈
Night night... movie time!!!
D
DoraDora2008
支持一下Toastmaster. 不过还是不知道什么是liberal education? 啥意思?
b
better.life
我的理解liberal education属于基础/品质教育,最有共鸣的一段是learn to achieve happines
L
LifeIsBeautiful3
期待你展开交流一下
L
LifeIsBeautiful3
我上班的每一栋building基本上都一个ToastMasters group, 就是同事们组织的,利用中休12点到1点进行

Liberal Education 是大学本科教育的一部分,我的理解这是比较务实的部分,培养个人在工作,生活和行使公民权和义务的能力,就像中文说的授人以渔而不是授人以鱼。放狗搜了下:

Liberal education is an approach to undergraduate education that promotes integration of learning across the curriculum and cocurriculum, and between academic and experiential learning, in order to develop specific learning outcomes that are essential for work, citizenship, and life.

L
LifeIsBeautiful3
对,还有我的理解是这不是技能的教育,而是能力的教育/培养. 还记得哈佛有课程叫幸福课
X
Xingfujiaren
幸福是自身能力,上课很难提升
军大衣
来补课,这篇是说真正的教育与培训的区别,不是教如何成功,乃是教如何做人

对吧?

数与形
这个靠悟性
糯米粥
朵拉来看—往实里说,就是文史哲方面,往虚里说

就是训练思辨能力,交流能力,想象力,创作力等等。

比如说,大学里典型的liberal arts专业有:history, social science, philosophy 等等。

对应的是vocational 的专业:nursing, accounting, engineering 等等。

美国大学的本科,不管啥专业,都必须修不少人文课

L
LifeIsBeautiful3
大概是这意思,当时写更主要是用来锻炼演讲技巧的
L
LifeIsBeautiful3
我想这课的着重点大概是教人改变思维,调整心态
L
LifeIsBeautiful3
我觉得事情只要想学的话都能学的,就好比工作培训,好多是软技能培训,要你get out of comfort zone,初看觉得不
D
DoraDora2008
我也参加了Toastmaster,但是没有你这么认真。我昨天查了一下liberal education, 就是你说的这个意思。
D
DoraDora2008
我昨天查的结果也是这样,其实美国就是搞的liberal education. 那么美国人是不是比欧洲啊或者其他国家的人更well
D
DoraDora2008
幸福课我看过前面两节。现在我想那个教课的教授,是不是他自己很容易感到幸福呢?
D
DoraDora2008
更well rounded,更独立思考呢?
军大衣
英文写惯了,倒回来写中文,经常能看出来

语言逻辑是有惯性的。比如“追求幸福的能力”就不是中文原有的,中文会说立身立本。身啊本的都立了(理想),吃啥苦都是心甘情愿,都是甜的了。再有“素质教育”,几个字写下来就让人敬而远之,其实无非是老辈说的为人,做人,这里头自然涉及到三观,待人接物凡此种种。可惜的是中文的意思层面太多不求精确,不仅如此,隐藏的比暴露出来的多,一个话题讲着讲着就扯远了(有意地或者无意地)。。。

z
zhuangqiushui
我喜欢这种不求精确
军大衣
非常理解,哈哈
L
LifeIsBeautiful3
我也是三天打渔,两天晒网的
L
LifeIsBeautiful3
诶,看你说的,我觉得我是英文没学精,中文倒忘了好多
军大衣
我们都在一个坑里。。。

看海外华人的论坛,片汤话不算,稍微正经一点的话题,经常感觉是在读翻译过来的文字,你我他,少有例外。

 

布兰雅
叫“翻译腔”。昨天佳人那句“翻译腔”被我取笑了半天。:)))

https://bbs.wenxuecity.com/kghy/3363794.html